Mapping ethical-legal principles for the use of Artificial Intelligence in gastroenterology

Cameron Stewart 1Stephen K Y Wong 2Joseph J Y Sung 3DOI: 10.1111/jgh.15521


The rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital health raise concerns about equitable access to innovative interventions, appropriate use of health data and privacy, inclusiveness, bias and discrimination, and even changes to the clinician-patient relationship. This article outlines a number of ethical and legal issues when examining the use of AI in gastroenterology. Substantive ethico-legal principles including respect for persons, privacy and confidentiality, integrity, conflict of interest, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice, are discussed. Much of what we articulated is relevant to the use of AI in other medical fields. Going forward, consorted efforts should be use to address more particular and concrete problems, but for now, a principle-based approach is best used in problem-solving.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; ethics; legal.